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Wildlife Conservation: For a Few Species More

Ravaging Humans

Wildlife Conservation is a holistic approach for protection of wildlife through preservation of their habitats. Growing populations and increasing consumption put tons of pressure on natural forests and pastures that serve as the abode of many animal and plant species. The conversion of these havens to farmlands and residential areas is a matter of grave concern.

 

Sources of Destruction

Threats to wildlife and their habitat originate from:

  • Public Apathy and Lack of Awareness about nature
  • Pollution affects habitats because wild animals and their habitats ingest contaminants with deleterious effects. This happens through:

+      Toxic agricultural chemicals being washed down to these habitats

+      Increasing atmospheric temperatures destroy ecosystems especially those in the polar regions and confuse migratory species during their nature-balancing movements

+      Septic air breathed in by plants and animals

+      Dumping of garbage in and near such habitats

  • Over Exploitation of Resources such as fish, edible wild animals, pastures, and forests. Mining, quarrying, and drilling in eco-sensitive zones for mineral resources produces the same effect

Encroachment of human settlements on these bio-spots, excessive hunting, and illegal poaching is also a part of such over exploitation

  • Natural Disasters such as forest fires, floods, cloudbursts, lightning, cyclones, volcanoes, and earthquakes

 

Paramountcy of Wildlife Conservation

An ecosystem consists of all living and non-living elements in a particular area that are bound in a complex web of relationship with each other and with their surroundings. Environment is the sum total of all planetary resources, biotic and abiotic. Comparing these two definitions, environment can be defined as the sum total of all ecosystems on this planet.

Inside an ecosystem, creatures are in a state of delicate equilibrium with themselves and their surroundings – discharges from one creature or one process in the system are gainfully used by other creatures and processes in the ecosystem. There is also loose association and balance between different ecosystems that provides the total environmental equilibrium.

Disturbance of even one species or process in the system can destroy the delicate balance with calamitous consequences. It is believed disorders such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Bird Flu are a result of ecosystem collapse. The causative organisms were balanced in the ecosystem, the destruction of which released them outside.

Similarly, the extinction of tigers will mean an explosion in the number of herbivores. These will then eat up forest after forest. Diminishing green cover will cause contamination of all the pollutable entities viz. land, air, and water.

 

Successful Wildlife Conservation Model

Among the successful models for wildlife conservation is the North American Model for Wildlife Conservation. The movement for this model started in the 1860s when indiscriminate hunting brought many species on the verge of extinction and forced a rethink by hunter groups.

This model rests on two fundamental principles:

  • Collective, Non-Commercial Ownership of wildlife and fish by all North Americans
  • Sustainable Management of fish and wildlife

Seven doctrines that supplement the basics are:

  • Scientific Approach
  • Public Trust Doctrine implies wildlife to be a right and a responsibility of all
  • Public Participation in Hunting-Fishing Laws
  • Equal Opportunity in Hunting-Fishing
  • Equal Liability by funding wildlife management from the proceeds of sale of hunting and fishing licenses and excise tax on hunting-fishing equipment
  • Regulation of Commerce in Wildlife
  • Wildlife as an International Resource

 

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Water Crisis: Aqua non Pura

Prologue

Water covers over two-thirds of Planet Earth and without it, life will not be possible. Pollution of water results when contaminants accumulate inside it at a rate faster than the rate at water can cleanse itself naturally. The ability of water to dissolve most solids and liquids is a major reason for its quick adulteration. Groundwater pollution is a more serious concern because unlike surface water it cannot be purified unless extracted.

 

Indicators of Water Pollution

Chemical and biological indicators are used for such measurement of the level of water pollution. Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) determines if the concentration of chemicals, which cannot be biologically oxidised, in water is above the danger mark.

Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) indicates the amount of dissolved oxygen (in milligrams) per litre of water. Greater the BOD, more is the pollution because greater concentrations of microbes have depleted dissolved oxygen.

 

The Accused

Liquid, gaseous, and solid wastes from industries, automobiles, households, and farms are all responsible for infecting water.

Industrial discharges include:

  • Untreated Waste Water i.e. water with dissolved harmful chemicals discharged directly into water bodies. It can also percolate and infect groundwater
  • Oil Spills from Oil Rigs
  • Thermal Pollution is the increase in temperature of water bodies when high temperature effluents are discharged

Transport can trigger water pollution as:

  • Oil Spills and Leakages from Marine Tankers
  • Vehicular Leakage of fuel, oils and other fluids percolating and being washed into water bodies

Chemicals such as phenols, oil, petrol, plastics, radioactive waste, garbage, lead, and mercury are the worst infectors.

Industrial Agriculture uses large doses of chemical fertilisers and pesticides that run off into surface water bodies and percolate in groundwater.

Domestic sewage and garbage accumulated on landfills can pollute surface as well as groundwater.

Species outside their natural habitat such as algae varieties in the Mediterranean have destroyed local aquatic life and created an imbalance

Flow of synthetic sediments such as construction debris, powders, soil, and rock destroy aquatic life while disruption of flow of natural sediments and chemicals into sea by dams reduces the flow of natural silts and chemicals causing coastal erosion and depletion of marine life in coastal regions.

 

Ramifications

  • Water Borne Diseases such as typhoid, diarrhoea, and cholera spread as safe drinking water becomes an endangered commodity
  • Harmful Algal Boom that thrive on sewage and chemicals in water bodies. These suck up oxygen from water making it difficult for native aquatic species to breathe. A dead zone where no aquatic species can survive can result as aquatic balance is disturbed. All chemical discharges, oil spills, and acid rains aid this process
  • Entry of Toxins in the Food Chain through use of polluted water for farming and consumption of contaminated seafood can lead to reproductive failure in humans and wildlife, cancer, heart and kidney disease, and nervous disorders in children and foetus
  • Land Pollution as land is infected with chemicals dissolved in water
  • Acid Rains results from gaseous industrial and vehicular discharges getting dissolved in atmospheric moisture and condensing
  • Floods from accumulation of solid wastes in river channels
  • Thermal Pollution increases the BOD and species shift to cooler regions and disturb the natural balance in the destination area

 

The Path Ahead . . .

River valleys have always been cradles of civilisations while oceans have brought prosperity through resources and trade. Humans have, however, taken nature for granted and invited civilisational destruction. We will be condemned to repeat history unless we implement:

  • Scientific Treatment of Discharges such as waste water, sewage, and garbage through sewage treatment plants, biomass processors etc.
  • Use of Biodegradable Materials
  • Recycle
  • Reduce Consumption will decrease the amount of chemicals used for their production
  • Soil Conservation to prevent unnatural disintegration of land and its flow into water bodies
  • Prevent Obstruction of Natural Channels of Water

 

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Soil Erosion: At War with Nature’s Home Turf

Corroding our Foundations

Soil Erosion is the destruction and removal of the fertile top layer of soil at a rate faster than the rate of its natural formation. Soil is weathered rock. Topsoil is the upper, fertile layer that supports growth of plants – forests, pastures, farms, plantations etc. Subsoil is the lower layer that does not sustain plant growth.

Although a part of land degradation, soil erosion merits a more detailed treatment because soil is among the most valuable natural resources that fosters plant growth and, thereby, makes life possible. Plants provide food and fodder, absorb harmful gases, maintain natural balance, supply industrial raw materials, and deliver fuel.

 

Types

Water, wind, and tillage are the three main agents of soil erosion. High-speed winds such as cyclones and dust-storms carry away loosened soil particles. Tillage redistributes soil causing it to move down the slope and prepares ground for erosion by water.

Flowing Water destroys topsoil in three ways:

  • Sheet Erosion is the removal of loosened topsoil on relatively flat terrain as wafer-thin sheets
  • Gully Erosion results on terrains with gradient and some vegetative cover that slows water flow. Water then cuts minute and shallow channels called rills that expand and merge into broader gullies. Left unchecked, this can aggravate into ravines or badlands
  • Bank Erosion or the eating up of channel banks

 

The Depreciators 

Natural forces and human interference are both responsible for loosening and transportation of topsoil. Human activities wear away soil by themselves and intensify the effect of nature. Forces of nature that destroy and transport topsoil include:

  • Torrential Rains, Flash Floods, and Cyclones
  • Grazing and Burrowing Animals
  • Wildfires
  • Earthquakes

Anthropogenic activities that promote soil erosion include:

  • Deforestation means roots of trees and grasses are not able to hold soil particles together. Leaves and branches of trees can no longer slow down falling raindrops that are left free to corrode topsoil
  • Incorrect Agricultural Practices such as tilling in the direction of wind and water flow, excessive use of water, allowing fast flow of water through fields, and use of large doses of chemicals and fertilizers that harden topsoil
  • Overgrazing
  • Unsustainable Mining creates voids beneath soil causing collapse of the land above
  • Flawed Constructions on hill slopes, cleared forests and pastures, and farmlands

 

 

Fallouts

  • Loss of Soil Fertility has grave implications for the production and availability of food, fodder, fuel, and industrial raw materials
  • Barren-isation and Desertification of Land as it progressively loses its capacity to support life. Communities dependent on such lands are disintegrated and forced to migrate
  • Floods result from soil particles accumulating in river channels and decreasing its water holding capacity. Floods further erode soil and the vicious cycle continues
  • Decline in the Storage Capacity of Reservoirs such as dams, percolation tanks, and natural lakes can spell doom for those dependent on these waterholes

Soil Conservation

Conservation relies on prevention of loosening of soil particles and slowing down the agents that carry these down-slope or downwind. Green Cover reduces impact velocity of raindrops on soil and holds soil particles together against flowing water and blowing wind. Specifically:

  • Slowdown of Flowing Water by:

+      Contour Farming or planting trees / crops along the same level across the slope

+      Terraced Farming is farming on steps / terraces cut out of slopes

  • Wind Breaks through:

+      Shelter Belts or rows of high trees

+      Strip Farming is the planting of strips of grass between crops on large fields

  • Maintain Soil Cohesion by:

+      Crop Rotation and Fallow allow replenishment of soil nutrients and maintain soil compactness

+      Shallow Tillage with Minimum Tillage Passes

+      Check Overgrazing and Over-burrowing


 

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Land Pollution: On Slippery Grounds

Unreal Estate

Land pollution is the degradation of the quality and productivity of the earth’s surface and soil due to human activities. This is a lesser visible facet of pollution than the contamination of air and water because its effects are not immediately and directly noticeable.

Increasing populations create greater demand for residential land and food. The result is haphazard urbanisation and unplanned conversion of forests and pastures to farmland. Resource intensive agriculture pollutes nature and cities are dotted with toxin spitting industries, automobiles, garbage dumps, and sewage discharges.

High consumption lifestyles create massive amounts of wastes that are disposed into landfills or garbage dumps that further erode the environment. Random urbanisation that gobbles up hills, pastures, forests, water bodies, river channels, and agricultural land is itself anti nature.

 

Genesis of Land Pollution

  • Deforestation means tree roots can no longer hold soil together causing soil erosion. Fertile top soil is lost forever and the productivity of land is irreversibly eroded
  • Resource-Intensive Agriculture uses large doses of chemical fertilizers, synthetic pesticides, and water. Natural fertility of soil in lowered as it hardens and its salinity rises   
  • Unscientific Grazing removes grasses that hold soil together
  • Mining and Quarrying create voids below the surface causing collapse of land above. Sand quarried from river beds destroys the water holding capacity of river channels
  • Industrialisation releases venomous gases and effluents
  • Disposal of Wastes such as garbage, sewage, and nuclear wastes

 

Calamitous Repercussions

Degradation of land adversely affects the air and water that comes in touch with it. Creatures living under the ground and playing a vital role in the maintenance of ecosystems are also threatened. With ecosystems destroyed, species extinction and environmental imbalance is never far away. Ill-effects of land pollution include:

  • Soil Destruction through loss of fertility and increased salinity
  • Collateral Pollution of air, surface water, and groundwater as land is connected with these. Water percolating below landfills dissolves septic elements from garbage and poisons subsurface water

Water running from landfills infects surface water bodies. Wet garbage under sunlight stinks as gases are released while dry garbage fills the air with infectious particles

  • Toxin Mobility as they move up the food chain when food grown on contaminated land is consumed by humans and other animals
  • Flash Floods result from eroded soil filling up river channels and indiscriminate quarrying
  • Climate Changes as the moderating effect of plants on climate is lost
  • Acid Rains result from trees no longer absorbing harmful gases that mix with atmospheric moisture and come down as acid rains
  • Promotion of Disorders through adulteration and animals like rodents that thrive at landfills

 

Proactive and Reactive Defence

Tall and fine superstructures require robust foundations. Land is the very base of the environment. If we lose it, we will be refugees on our own planet. All measures for conservation of environment seek to reduce consumption and waste generation. Preventing land pollution will require us to:

  • Control Population and Consumption
  • Recycle and pressurise elected representatives to mainstream recycling
  • Install Biogas Plants and Sewage Treatment Machinery
  • Use Biodegradable Products
  • Support Sustainable Farming through purchase of organic food even if it means shelling out extra money
  • Not litter around especially regarding plastics and food packages

 

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Fossil Fuels: A Double Edged Sword

Development Essential

Fossil fuels are natural fuels formed over millions of years from the decomposition of plant and animal remains buried deep inside the earth. At these depths, enormous temperature and pressure cause the remains to decompose in the absence of air. The word ‘fossil’ is used to describe them because they are derived from the fossils or remains of plants and animals.

 

Mineral oil, coal, and natural gas are the chief fossil fuels. Energy as electricity and fuel is required for all economic and survival activities – industries, transport, agriculture, household activities and the like. Together, fossil fuels supply around 85% of the total global energy requirements. About 36% comes from oil, 27% from coal, and 22% from natural gas.

 

Endangered and Endangering Resource

Growing population, increasing high-consumption lifestyles, expanding industries and spread of energy-intensive agriculture cause energy needs to expand by just over 2% every year exerting enormous pressure on these non-renewable resources. At present rates of extraction we will lose available sources of coal by 2112, crude oil by 2065, and natural gas by 2068.

Another, greater problem with burning of coal and oil is the emission of polluting gases. Carbon dioxide is the chief culprit in global warming, a problem that can flood half the world and suck dry the remaining half. Then again, air pollution is the primary cause of many grave disorders such as respiratory diseases, heart defects, and lung cancer.

Addicted as we are all to this fuel, there is a serious need to re-examine our habits. Sooner or later, the world will run out of this source of fuel. If we haven’t mended our ways by then, development and even daily survival will be virtually impossible.

Not letting old habits die will make us face the irreversibly catastrophic consequences of global warming namely coastal flooding, increased droughts and cyclones, aridity, forest fires, eroding agricultural productivity, proliferation of tropical diseases, species extinction, and ecosystem destruction that will threaten the very existence of life on this planet.

 

Alternative Trajectories

Transformation from the fossil-fuel-intensive development model will be a long and tardy process, not a sudden event. The focus has to be on cutting down on use of fossil fuels coupled with increasing efficiency of production and development of non-renewable energy technologies. Some of the alternatives are:

  • Population control
  • Low consumption lifestyles with:

+      judicious use of electricity and cooking gas

+      pooling cars, use of public transport, and switching off automobiles when waiting at signals cut down fuel use

+      consuming only the required amount of commodities lowers the energy and other resources needed for their production

  • Improvement of production technologies to minimise wastage
  • Greater use of renewable energy from wind, solar, small hydro, and biomass. Large hydro projects on mega dams are known to destroy the ecosystems in downstream areas
  • Policy support for research, development, and extension of renewable energy technologies is essential to improve their productivity to commercially viable levels

 

Finally

A stitch in time saves nine. If we act today, we can save ourselves and posterity from a cataclysm. Environment is common to all entities on this planet. Therefore, measures to conserve it require cooperation between people across the world. Otherwise, we will all face the wrath of nature on the soon-to-arrive doomsday.

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Sustainable Agriculture: Challenging Centralised, Industrial Farming?

Sustainable agriculture includes holistic agricultural practices that are environmentally, economically, and socially viable in the long term. It involves the economical production of food, fibre, and other animal-plant products using farming methods that protect and preserve the environment and social communities related to farming.

An integration of environmental health, economic profitability, and socio-economic equality, such farming emphasizes the need of the present generation to obtain food without compromising the ability of future generations to obtain theirs. This means development and maintenance of efficient ecosystems which requires lower levels of material inputs.

 

Unhealthy Centralisation

Agriculture used to be a holistic activity till half a century ago when crop and animal farming were integrated into a balanced ecosystem. Technological advances coupled with government policy support enabled economical operation of large farms that used machines, chemical fertilisers and pesticides, irrigation, and genetically-modified seeds in copious amounts.

Farms became larger, specialised, and more centralised. The market was now dominated by a few powerful corporations as small farmers faced extinction. For a while all appeared hunky dory. Slowly, the environmental, economical, and social costs of this model came to the fore.

Pollution of land, air, and water manifested through topsoil depletion, decline in soil fertility, and exhaustion plus contamination of groundwater. Raising livestock and poultry in unnaturally cramped facilities and feeding them steroids to boost productivity degrades their health, produces abundant wastes, and lowers the quality of produce obtained from them.

 

Farm workers and communities around farms are exposed to toxic chemicals and the local ecosystems are destroyed. Environment is degraded and so is the local economy. Small farmers find intensive agriculture progressively and prohibitively expensive and are forced towards distress migration that spells doom for the local socio-economic stability.

Comprehensively Viable Sustainable Agriculture

Sagacious use of natural and human resources is the cornerstone for sustainable agriculture. The precise approach depends on topography, climate, soil, pests, inputs in the locality, and the aspirations of the farmer / grower. However, certain general practices are identified as:

  • Selection of animal and plant species compatible with local climate and conditions. Results are best when crops and livestock are integrated into a mutually beneficial relationship such as using cow dung as manure, cow urine as a pesticide, and crop stems as fodder
  • Pasture-based livestock husbandry that allows animals to move, behave, and feed naturally
  • Crop and livestock diversification for environmental and economic sustainability vis-à-vis monoculture farming. Crop rotation and planting cover crops replenish soil fertility and suppress pests, pathogens, and weeds
  • Judicious application of inputs with preference to natural, renewable, and on-farm-available inputs for proper management of soil and water such as scientific irrigation and use of natural pesticides, fertilisers, and seeds

 

Towards Sustainability

Transition from unsustainable to sustainable farming is a process heavily influenced by the aspirations of the farmer / grower. The changing and sometimes competing relationships between all players in the food production chain viz. input suppliers, farmers, farm-workers, unions, food processors, traders, retailers and wholesalers, consumers, researchers, and policymakers, calls for assumption of collective responsibility.

Intervention in policies related to farming research, food and agriculture, land use, and labour is necessary for making sustainable agriculture commercially viable. Above all, we as customers can send strong signals to the production chain through the purchase of sustainable agriculture products even if it means shelling out a few more bucks for the time being.


 

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Natural Resource Depletion: Sucking Earth Dry

Destroy thy Creator

Man has been at war with nature ever since he stopped living in forests and looked at Planet Earth with prying eyes. The industrial age intensified this appetite and today we stand on the brink of environmental disaster. If we bite the very hand that nurtures us, how far can we be from a total catastrophe?

 

Environment Fundamentals

Environment is the sum total of all ecosystems on the planet, the total planetary inheritance. This includes all biotic and abiotic resources such as air, water, soil-land, minerals, and animal and plant life on earth. The chief functions of the environment are:

  • Supply Resources
  • Assimilate Wastes
  • Sustain Life by providing Genetic and Biological Diversity

 

Why Environment is the Mother Resource?

All living beings require resources for survival. Humans need these for the additional purpose of economic development. All sustenance and developmental activities produce wastes that are absorbed by nature. Through a balance of these two functions, environment sustains life. Therefore, nature provides and sustains life as well as development.

 

Ungrateful, Imbalanced Humans

When the rates of resource extraction and waste generation respectively exceed the rates of resource regeneration waste assimilation an imbalance results. Greater extraction also leads to greater consumption and generates more wastes. Then, environment is unable to sustain life.

Such imbalance has precisely been the result of human activity. With the industrial age, machines were used on an unprecedentedly large scale. The increased production capacity was complemented with blatant resource extraction. High-demand lifestyles were promoted to market this augmented production.

 

Devastation Pte Ltd

If we open our eyes, the exhaustion of all natural resources is there for all of us to see. This includes:

  • Land Degradation due to incorrect practices in agriculture, grazing, mining and groundwater extraction; deforestation, forest fires and solid waste mismanagement
  • Biodiversity Loss manifested in ecosystem destruction and extinction of plant and animal species
  • Air Pollution due to industrial and automobile discharges and incorrect agricultural practices. Global Warming can flood half the world and dry out the remaining half
    • Water Bodies Contamination by untreated sewage and industrial effluents
    • Ozone Depletion
    • Exhaustion of Minerals from excessive mining

To sum up, these effects destroy livelihoods, lower the quality of life, disrupt cultures, and trigger social instability.

 

Sustainable Development: Do we have the Collective Resolve?

Premised on the interdependence of environment and economy, sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present generation without hampering the ability of future generations to fulfil their needs.

This will require:

  • Population and Consumption Controls to reduce demand for resources
  • Sustainable Resource Extraction
  • Substitution of Non-renewable Natural Resources with Synthetics and Renewables
  • Recycling
  • Improvement of Production Efficiency
  • Greater use of Public Transport
  • Rain Water Harvesting and Responsible Use of Water
  • Organic Farming and Revival of Traditional Practices
  • Scientific Afforestation and Checking Deforestation
  • Scientific Treatment of Sewage and Industrial Effluents before discharge

 

Collective Responsibility

Planet Earth belongs to us all. We are all responsible for this mess. Passing the buck won’t help. We need to get our act together even if it means stepping out of our comfort zones. Remember, in nature there are no rewards or punishments, only consequences.


 

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2 Saving Habits To Kick Start Your Green Initiative

When you think of threats, it’s natural to think of security issues, financial threats and even health problems. But when it comes to environmental threats, unfortunately too few people are concerned about our planet.

And the sad part is that as the climate continues to shirt in a way that is becoming more and more detrimental to human life, the effort put in to reverse this effect just isn’t there.

Read the news on any given day and you will see how the weather is shifting, and natural disasters that were previously unheard of are now becoming the norm.  Going green begins with you and me and below is two simple steps to playing your part.

Is It Clean Or Soggy?

Sometimes it all starts with looking around your place for simple ways to reduce wastage. Whether its glass, plastic, aluminum, cardboard or any other materials, it’s good to build a habit of separating the recyclable waste from the biodegradable ones.

Have two main bins at home and remember this quote:

“Reuse the dry, throw the wet”

Simply put, all dry products can be reused and should go into the bin for dry waste product which you can then bring to your nearest recycling bin.

If the waste material is wet, then it’s better to throw it away. After all, those are more likely to smell after a few days.

It may take some time for everyone in the family to contribute, but make it a fun activity for everyone. And you will start to see the impact as your family become more environmentally conscious.

Go 1,927% and More On Your Electronic Devices

Recycling isn’t just for your products which you dispose regularly. In fact as the world begins to digitalize in almost every aspect, going green has become easier.

But the danger remains that we have a tendency to become complacent and miss out on many areas which we can still do our part. A major source of energy for digital products is in the form of our day to day alkaline batteries.

Just think for a moment of the last 6 months and try to remember how many batteries you’ve thrown away. Sure it’s valid to say that the batteries are drained and there is no more use for them.

But what if you knew that your batteries still have enough power to go 100% for another 10 cycles and more?

The truth is that not only can you save the environment by reducing wastage; you’re actually able to save quite a lot more on the “small stuff.”

Thanks to a range of product known as Power Back, now you can recharge your Non-Rechargeable batteries. You can reuse your batteries for your digital camera, flashlight, remote control, wireless mouse and much more.

 

Going green isn’t just about putting in effort. In fact with proper planning and turning it into a habit, you’ll find yourself saving time, energy, money and yes, the environment.

Share with us some of the ways you recycle your waste products around your home or in the office in the comments below.

 

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Fight Global Warming – Support the Green Cause

The idea of saving the earth is always a nice thought, after all who really want to watch the very place we live in gets “destroyed?”

But when it comes to convenience versus effort, going eco-friendly becomes another item on the good-to-have list. By changing some simple things you do each day, you’ll see how easy it is to switch and support the green cause.

Below are 5 simple ways you can do your part in fighting global warming by making these small tweaks to your daily lifestyle.

1.    Bring Your Own Shopping Bags

As simple as this sound, not many people are actually practicing this around Asia. This is largely due to the fact that plastic bags are cheap to produce here.

However every single bag contributes to environmental issues as these bags are not bio-degradable. This means more landfills, cutting down trees and a rising global warming threat.

And the solution can be as simple as packing a few extra plastic bags in your handbag, backpack, car or any other bag which you know you’ll bring on your grocery shopping trips.

2.    Protect Your Batteries

The digital world requires batteries for energy to power up the devices which makes out lives more convenient and enjoyable. But batteries require proper maintenance or you’ll notice the energy consumption rate increasing rapidly with prolonged usage.

Learn some basic battery maintenance for your various devices like separating it from your laptop when not in use, avoid prolonged charging and keep it out of direct heat to extend your battery lifespan.

And if you’re relying heavily on alkaline batteries, using a battery recharger for non-rechargeable batteries is another great option to extend its usage.

3.    Support Green Companies

Helping the environment can also be as simple as changing your choice of products. Instead of randomly selecting a product, consider the company behind it.

While Emarco takes pride in the fact that we use green materials to produce our products in a number of areas like personal mobility, agriculture, electronics to name a few, there are many companies with this same green initiative.

By using products of green companies, we can send a message that saving our earth is the responsibility of everyone, both individuals and businesses alike.

4.    Repair Leakages Around Your House

Leakages are often overlooked but it is a very common issue around many homes. It may not seem like much, after all a few drops from your shower head doesn’t really seem like a big deal.

But when you consider that with just 6 drops of 1ml of water per hour from a single shower head, that’s a drop every 10 minutes, it adds up to almost 52.560 litres of water in a year. Multiple that by the number of household within your estate and we have an issue here.

Take a minute every week to go around your house to make sure that there are no leakages. Not only will you be reducing water wastage, you’ll find yourself going easier on the utility bills.

5.    Use Remanufactured Cartridges

Each year, millions of empty toner and inkjet cartridges are deposed by dumping them into landfills or incinerators. And this adds up to our pollution concerns.

While it is not possible to eliminate this concern completely, you might consider switching to remanufactured toner and cartridges. Not many people realize that it is possible to have quality printing standards with remanufactured cartridges.

In fact, with remanufactured products, you’re preventing excessive landfills, reducing carbon dioxide emission, receiving cost savings of 30% or more and best of all, saving Gaia.

 

While supporting the green cause requires a little change in our lifestyle, as this message is spread, more people will get involved. We all want to protect our planet and while it might be tough, it is a fight against global warming, pollution and much more. And we can make this a fight worth living for.

How else do you support this green cause? Share with us in the comments below.

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4 Ways to Stop Your Car from Damaging the Earth And Save You Some Money

A major cause of global warming lies in the human factor without a doubt. And while you could try your best to list off the causes from a personal level, it almost seems pointless when the list goes on and on.

But let’s face the facts shall we? The world is getting warmer no doubt about that and countries like Vienna is at risk of sinking in the near future so the question remains, what can be done?

Think for a moment about how many cars are on the road right now. You’ll realize around the world there are millions upon millions of vehicles of different models and types.

Enter the World of Automobiles

Think about the car you drive every day, sure it is convenient as it brings you from home to work and vice versa. But have you thought about the range of pollution problems it brings?

There are two main types of pollution discharged by petrol vehicles:

  1. Exhaust Emission
  2. Evaporative Emission

Both cause damage to air we breathe in as it releases gases like carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen to name a few.

Your car also suffers from incomplete fuel combustion which not only requires more petrol per 1,000 km travelled but also releases more exhaust emissions

Alls not lost yet as below are 4 ways you as a car owner can do your part to help the environment.

Cheap and Effective But Time Consuming

Naturally asking anyone to walk to work every day is a little ridiculous. But taking the public transportation is still reasonable.

In fact you may even find yourself with more savings by the end of the month as you cut down on fuel consumption, parking fees and even ERP charges. It might seem like a small saving in itself but together, you may find that the savings really add up.

You’ll find this to be a great alternative to driving daily especially if you live in a city like Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Penang to name a few.

Pooling Your Resources Together

Understandably there are instances when public transportation is not a feasible option. You can find colleagues or even your neighbors to car pool and travel together.

The entire group is able to reduce fuel consumption as a group and everyone is doing their part to save the environment.

Naturally these options can be exercised together for even greater savings. You might want to begin your using one of these options once a week and slowly increasing the frequency.

Rise of the Hybrids

If you have the financial means, you might want to consider switching your vehicle to a hybrid version.

There are some considerations on a hybrid car you should understand first before jumping in but the benefit to the environment can be seen.

Naturally this is a costlier solution for the environment but it does have its benefits in the long term.

A Green Fuel Reformulator

In many cases, your job still requires you to travel regularly and a car is still a necessity. You can still play your part to help the environment with fuel reformulator which helps your car deuce fuel consumption and harmful emission.

With a green fuel reformulator like Emarco’s own My Green Oil, you get a smoother ride as your car is able to fully combust the fuel and remove leftover carbon deposits.

By taking a little step forward, you can help reduce harmful emissions from your car, maximize your fuel consumption and help reduce air pollution.

 

Saving the environment begins with every individual and in many cases, you’ll begin to see that helping the environment will help you in many aspects as well. More so with the financial savings as a great motivator isn’t it?